An open-source operating system used for smartphones and tablet computers.This is the simple definition for Android. It has become revolutionary since its Inception, and has changed mobile industry into a new phase. Before the introduction of the Android, phones are equipped with their own software’s and they don’t have any extra features other than calling,camera and games.
But with the introduction of Android, the face of the smart phones changed a lot. We can browse the Internet, Make video Calls, Send money through the phone, Buy tickets online. These are all possible with the Android OS. It is developed by Google on the Linux Kernel and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Android’s user interface is mainly based on direct manipulation, using touch gestures that loosely correspond to real-world actions, such as swiping, tapping and pinching, to manipulate on-screen objects, along with a virtual keyboard for text input. Android phones are rich in performance while the Iphone is rich in Design.
IOS is also same as Android which is the Operating System for Iphone. It was introduced on June 29, 2007 a year prior to the Android.
Android is introduced on September 23, 2008.Initially developed by Android Inc., which Google bought in 2005, Android was unveiled in 2007, along with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance – a consortium of hardware, software, and telecommunication companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices. Beginning with the first commercial Android device in September 2008, the operating system has gone through multiple major releases, with the current version being 7.0 “Nougat”, released in August 2016. Android Apps are of total 2.8 million in number in the android market.
Since 2008, Android has seen numerous updates which have incrementally improved the operating system, adding new features and fixing bugs in previous releases. Each major release is named in alphabetical order after a dessert or sugary treat, with the Android versions being called “Cupcake”, “Donut”, “Eclair”,”Froyo”,”Gingerbread”, “Honeycomb”,”Ice cream sandwich”,”Jelly Bean”, “KitKat”,”Lollipop”,”Marshmallow” and “Nougat” respectively. The first two versions called as Android Alpha and Android Beta.
The first version is called as Android Alpha 1.0 which was released on September 23,2008 and the latest version is Android Nougat 7.1.2 which is released on August 22, 2016.
Android 7.1.2 was released in April 2017, bringing Pixel-exclusive features including the launcher, blue Settings app, solid-white navigational buttons, and a redesigned Recent apps screen to the Pixel C tablet. The Pixel and Pixel XL received fingerprint swipe performance improvements, Bluetooth connectivity improvements, and alerts for battery usage, while the Nexus 6P, Nexus 5X, and Nexus Player received stability improvements for enhanced notifications, support for fingerprint swipe, connectivity improvements and also alerts for battery usage. As of this update, Nexus 6 and Nexus 9 are now considered end-of-life.
Google launched the Pixel and Pixel XL devices on Android 7.1, bringing some exclusive features on their phones and the other devices are running on Android 7.1 version. Google started rolling out Android 7.0 Nougat to Nexus devices on 22 August 2016. This covered a great number of devices, but it wasn’t until early October that the Nexus 6 got in on the action, with that update appearing on 3 October. The LG V20 was the first device to feature Android 7.0 Nougat right out of the box.
Android 7.1 Nougat launched with the Pixel phones on 4 October 2016, with those two devices becoming available a week later.The final release of Android 7.1.1 appeared in early December, with the Pixel XL getting it at the start of that month.
As of 12 January, those on the Beta programme started seeing the update appear, with other users following over the next couple of weeks. The official Samsung Galaxy S7 and S7 edge update rolled out from 17 January 2017, starting in the UK and China.
Samsung has also confirmed that some 2016 phones will be getting the bump to 7.0 Nougat in the “first half of 2017”. That’s a pretty vague timeline, but it’s good to know the latest software is coming.
2. OnePlus started the roll-out of Nougat for the OnePlus 3T in January, with many regions now getting the OTA update, the roll-out for the OnePlus 3 has also started, both confirmed on 17 January.The company is yet to release official plans on a Nougat update for the OnePlus 2. It was rumored for February but that has since come and gone with no sign of Android 7.0.
3. BlackBerry is all about Android now. The BlackBerry Priv launched on Android Lollipop and it took six months to see an update to Marshmallow.With a bit of luck BlackBerry will speed things up for Android Nougat but informed opinion suggests it will be Q2 2017 We’re waiting to hear on official timelines for the Priv, DTEK50 and DTEK60 updates.
For Saving RAM and battery:
In most cases, background services consume unnecessary resources. So go into the developer settings and from there, you can stop these services from running. To restart the background services, restart your app or smartphone.
Nougat further improved the settings menu. The main menu is hidden in the left margin and you can access it whenever you need it. You can navigate horizontally quickly on the top level.
Apps are disconnected from the Internet when in standby mode and may only use the processor for large intervals. This increases battery life but it can have some side effects. Some third-party apps, such as Messenger or Navigation apps will no longer be able to send you notifications; you might end up missing out on your instant messages or fly past a turn at an intersection. You can turn off battery optimization in the battery settings.
Multitasking on Android so far involves tapping on the square button to pull up all your open apps, arranged based on recent use. Now, all you need to do is double-tap the recents (square) button on the navigation bar and Android will switch to the most recent app.
One of the reason multi-window is not supported in certain apps is due to the size. There is a tweak you can use to overcome this. It is a developer option that allows apps to be resized (so it can used in split-screen mode). It’s not a 100% tweak though – you’ll have to try it out to see if it works.
To enable this ability, first enable developer options by opening Settings > About > Software information and tap on the Build number 7 times.
Once the developer options has been enabled, open the Settings again > Developer options and toggle Force activities to be re sizable on to make all apps compatible with Multi-Window.
With Nougat, you can manage certain kinds of notifications based on the apps they come from. Ignore ads, promotions and other irrelevant notifications (like Facebook birthday reminders and game notifications) and keep only the important ones that really require your attention.
To do this, on any such incoming notification, long press on the app’s notification > select the behavior accordingly from the options. You can choose to silent the notifications or totally block them.
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